Situated between the last ramifications of Montalbano and the northern border of the "Padule di Fucecchio" (the Marsh of Fucecchio), Monsummano Terme is actuallyfamous as thermal resort and for the production of footwears, exported all over the world.
The town has expanded around the "Santuario della Madonna della Fontenuova" (the Sanctuary of the Madonna of Fontenuova) founded in 1602, as a will of the Grand Duke Ferdinando I de' Medici, in consequence of a miraculous event. On the northern side of the main square faces the "Osteria dei Pellegrini" (1607), where is placed the "Museo della Città e del Territorio".
It 's divided in severalsections: geology and palaeontology, environment and history, archaeology, the "Padule" (the Marsh) and the reclamation, the grand-ducal farms, sacred art and popular religiousness , the treasure of the " Madonna della Fontenuova", the "Valdinievole felix", the "termalismo"( thermal baths) , productive activities and industry.
The medieval villages Monsummano Alto and Montevettolini lie on hills around . Monsummano is also the birthplace of famous personages: the poet Giuseppe Giusti (1809-1850), whose house has now become "Museo Statale di Casa Giusti ", and Ferdinando Martini (1841-1928),a man of culture and brilliant politician , whose stately villa, "Villa Renatico Martini", built around 1887, is seat of the twentieth century's collection of art called "Il Recanatico".